The National Science Foundation is awarding the largest grant in the history of our state to the University of Arizona's BIO5 Institute and other entities. The 50-million dollar five-year grant, with a possible $50 million extension, creates the iPlant collaborative, a global center and computer cyber infrastructure where scientists from around the world can conduct research and cooperate on different "grand challenge questions" dealing with plants like global warming, environmental degradation and the a growing population. The UA receives most of the money, about 79%, and other institutions like ASU, and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York will share the remaining portion.