Executive Director Elyse Golob of the National Center for Border Security and Immigration says technology will help at the border.

What seemed like science fiction just a few years ago is reality today at the National Center for Border Security and Immigration, based at the University of Arizona.

Center Executive Director Elyse Golob says researchers working for the agency are developing advanced technologies "to assist in deception detection at the border."

Golob says in an interview for Arizona Illustrated that a Border Patrol officer has seven to nine seconds to make a decision about whether an individual approaching in a vehicle or on foot should be allowed into the country.

"During the seven to nine seconds, the officer has to look at the databases in front of him or her, has to visually inspect the person and the vehicle and ask a few basic questions: Where are you coming from? What are you going to do when you cross the border?" Golob says. "That's a very little time to process all that information to make a decision."

UA scientists are testing technologies that can detect speech patterns, body movement and other subtle changes, such as rising heart rates and body temperature, using sensors.

"We've tested a number of sensors to measure these behavioral and visible cues of deception, and taken the most promising and embedded them in an avatar kisok," she says. "It looks like an ATM machine."

The machine will be tested in the next year at the border, perhaps at Nogales, and possibly at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix.

Dr. Elyse Golob is the executive director of the National Center for Border Security and Immigration at the University of Arizona. Funded by the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, the center will provide cross\\u002Dcutting technology and basic research needs to enhance the nation\\u0019s security. Previously, Dr. Golob served as the director of the University of Arizona Office of Economic and Policy Analysis, where she played an instrumental role in spearheading the University of Arizona\\u0019s border security initiative. She is a founding member of the Southwest Border Security Consortium (SBSC), a collaboration of nine border state universities. Prior to her employment at the University of Arizona, Dr. Golob served as a faculty member in Cornell University\\u0019s Department of City and Regional Planning and director of the Cornell Urban Scholars Program\\u003B lead faculty of the Cities in the 21st Century Program, a division of Boston University\\u0027s International Honors Program\\u003B and vice\\u002Dpresident for economic planning and analysis at the New York City Economic Development Corporation. Dr. Golob received her doctorate from Rutgers University in urban planning and policy development.\\u000D\\u000A