House Concurrent Resolution 2001 is part of a movement some are calling “Tenther” which is gaining momentum across the country. HCR 2001 expresses the House’s intent to claim sovereignty under the 10th Amendment to the US Constitution. The proposal demands that the federal government stop issuing mandates that are beyond the power given to it by the Constitution. The 10th Amendment says powers not specifically delegated to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved for the states. More than three dozen members of the Legislature are sponsoring the proposal including Representative Frank Antenori (R), Representative David Gowan (R), Senator Al Melvin (R), and Senator Jonathan Paton (R) who all represent Pima County.

On February 23, 2010 the full House approved the proposal with a 35-22 vote.

Pima County House Delegation Vote:

  • Frank Antenori (R) – Yes
  • David Bradley (D) – Did Not Vote
  • Olivia Cajero Bedford (D) – No
  • Steve Farley (D) – No
  • David Gown (R) – Yes
  • Matt Heinz (D) – No
  • Phil Lopes (D) – No
  • Daniel Patterson (D) – No
  • Vic Williams ( R) – Yes
  • Nancy Young Wright ( D) – No

Full House Vote on HCR 2001


On April 21, 2010 the full Senate approved HCR 2001 on an 18-11 vote.

Pima County Senate Delegation Vote:

  • Paula Aboud (D) – No
  • Frank Antenori (R) – Yes
  • Jorge Luis Garcia (D) – No
  • Linda Lopez (D) – No
  • Al Melvin (R) – Yes

Full Senate Vote on HCR 2001